Koodiyattam or Kutiyattam

Koodiyattam, a Traditional art form of Kerala, performed in the Sanskrit language in Hindu temples, it is believed to be at 2000 years old. It is officially recognized by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

The meaning of Koodiyattam is combined acting, a combined performance of Chakyar (a community in Kerala) and Nangyar (the women of Ambalavasi Nambiar Caste). The main actor is a Chakyar who performs the ritualistic Koothu and Kutiyattam inside the temple or in the Koothambalam. The female roles are played by Nangyar.
Traditionally the main musical instruments used in Koodiyattam are Mizhavu, Kuzhitalam, Etakka, Kurumkuzhal and Sankhu.Mizhavu, the most prominent of these is a percussion instrument which is played by a person of the Ambalavas Nambiar caste accompanied by Nangyaramma playing the kuzhithalam (a type of cymbal).

In 1955 Guru Maani Madhava Chakyar performed Koodiyattam outside the temple for the first time. For performing the art forms outside the temples he faced lot of problems from the Chakyar community.

The performance of the maestro Maani Maadhava Chakyar made great impact on the people and art critics so that Koodiyattam and Mani Madhava Chakyar became famous outside Kerala also. He performed Koodiyattam all over India and popularized the traditional art form.
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Agn! Sharman said...

Koodiyattam and Koothu - Art forms of Kerala


reshma M said...
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